EU Life Project: LIFE-ENPE (LIFE 14 GIE/UK000043)

ENPE, with the support of the EU LIFE programme, is undertaking a 5 year project, which commenced in 2015, to develop its network and to undertake a programme of support for the operative work of prosecutors

LIFE-ENPE (LIFE14 GIE/UK/000043) is a multi partner project that will improve compliance with EU Environmental Law by addressing uneven and incomplete implementation across Member States through improvements to the efficiency and effectiveness of prosecutors and judges in combating environmental crime. ENPE was submitted for a grant to the European Commission (EC) and in 2014 won a funding grant as part of the LIFE+ Programme, the EC tool designed to finance environment-related projects. The running of this project is led by the England-based Environment Agency (EA) in Bristol and involves a consortium of 4 other partners; The European Union Forum of Judges for the Environment (EUFJE); The Irish EPA; The Office for Serious Fraud and Environmental Crime of the National Public Prosecutor’s Office (FP, Netherlands) and The National Environmental Crimes Unit at the Swedish Prosecution Authority (REMA). The duration of the project is from 16-JULY-2015 to 17-JULY-2020, with a total budget of €1,072,400, and it has the following objectives:

  • Build a self-sustaining network to provide a platform for trans-national cooperation, sharing best practice and disseminating intelligence and expertise between public bodies charged with prosecuting environmental crime;
  • Improve the collation and dissemination of information on environmental crime, its prosecution and adjudication, building a shared EU-wide knowledge resource permanently maintained by the ENPE network to improve understanding of the issues, barriers and multilateral dimensions of environmental crime; and
  • Improve capacity and consistency in Europe for combating transnational waste, wildlife and chemical pollution crimes, by convening 4 working groups to prepare training packages demonstrating best practice in prosecuting crime.


LIFE-ENPE's project partners are:

Working Groups

As outlined in the LIFE-ENPE project objectives above, a key activity is the convening of four working groups to focus on specific areas of tackling environmental crime. Each group will be chaired by a LIFE-ENPE Project Board member, with clearly identified outputs comprising training packages and events: Working Group 1 - Wildlife; Chair: Lars Magnusson (REMA), which will focus on issues of interpretation, practical application and evidence gathering that currently hinder the effective prosecution and adjudication of non-compliance of the Birds Directive (2009/147/EC); Working Group 2 - Waste; Chair: Rob de Rijck (FP), which will explore major causes of non-compliance with the Waste Shipment Regulation (1013/2006) and issues around efficient and effective prosecution and adjudication; Working Group 3 - Air Pollution (chemicals); chair: Lorna Dempsey (Irish EPA), where focus will be on issues experienced by prosecutors and judges arising from non-compliance with industrial emissions and large-scale events, in particular, those resulting in air pollution; Working Group 4 - Sanctioning, Prosecution and Judicial Practice; Chair: Carole Billiet (EUFJE), which will provide an overview, building on recent studies into the range of criminal and administrative sanctions in use across Europe, in particular the LIFE-ENPE Capitalisation and Gap-filling report which is a key output from a related project action (Action A1).

Working Group kick-off meetings - December 2 2016, Brussels, Belgium

The first meetings (kick off meetings) for Working Groups 1, 2 and 4 took place in Scotland House on December 2nd 2016. This event was well attended with 15 attendees representing membership of all three groups, together with LIFE-ENPE project team and EC Directorate General for Environment representation. After a plenary session in the morning involving presentations from Rob de Rijck, Carole Billiet, Shaun Robinson and Miroslav Angelov (DG Environment), each Working Group chair led their team in a break-out session to brains-storm themes and ideas on which to focus actitivities within their topic areas.

Working Group presentations - LIFE-ENPE Annual conference; 20 September 2017

In accordance with LIFE-ENPE workplan, all four Working Groups delivered presentations on their activities so far, including a breif report on progress and intended activities, at our annual conference in Oxford on 20 September. Lars Magnusson, as Chair of WG 1; Rob de Rijck, as chair of WG2; Lorna Dempsey as Chair of WG 3 and Carole Billiet as Chair of WG 4 all presented at the main plenary to all 155 delegates on the first day of the 2 day conference (see below for all four presentations in pdf format). The groups were also able to meet in the margins of the conference since many of the WG Members for all four groups were attending as delegates anyway.


Links to other projects

ENPE Life has links to other EU Life projects where collaborative activities, including networking, information sharing and joint working, are ongoing. We have signed a Declaration of Collaboration with LIFE SMART Waste LIFE/13 ENV-UK-000549, a project based in Scotland which seeks to ensure more effective and efficient regulation of waste through innovative techniques and technologies; and LIFE Natura Themis LIFE/14/GIE/GR/000026; a project based in Greece which seeks to protect Natura 2000 habitats and raise awareness of wildlife cirmes.

LIFE SMART Waste has recently published an electronic flyer to update on progress reflected in their Mid-term report. Please see here to download

LIFE Natura Themis continues to provide project outputs with its activities progressing well. For more information please see 


LIFE-ENPE Reports and outputs

As the project progresses, LIFE-ENPE will produce a series of project outputs, including reports, which will be available for download. The first report is the Capitalisation and Gap-filling report which analyses exisitng information on environmental crime and prosecution activity across Europe.